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AGE The main risk factor as cell generation reduces
SMOKING damages blood vessels and structure of eye. Smokers are 3 times more likely to develop AMD than non-smokers. Of all the precautions against risking AMD that can be taken, stopping smoking is the most important and is in the control of the patient.
DIET Poor diet low in fruit and vegetables may increase risk of AMD. Alcohol destroys valuable anti-oxidants. Obesity and a diet high in sugars and hydrogenated or saturated fats also increase risk of developing AMD
BLOOD PRESSURE High blood pressure raises risk of AMD by 50%
SUNLIGHT UV and natural blue light causes deterioration of the macular.
Good sunglasses are not an affectation but should be worn in bright light,
especially when driving
GENETICS A family history of macular degeneration may increase risk of AMD
CAUSES of AMD